What causes dark spots on face, cheek, and forehead or what causes premature aging spots on my face? Indeed having them can frustrating in some situations.
Here is a golden opportunity to know the causes. You will be inspired to learn about removal and treatment methods and the correct one for you. As you scroll down, you will unfold creams to use. Some of the best creams and products will brighten these spots so to rejuvenate and bounce you back your facial beauty. Don’t go away. You will get procedures for home remedies to lighten them and help reduce dark blotches.
Causes including forehead, cheeks
Before you can think of how you can do away with them, or any black spot on your face go through the causes or consult to have a more accurate form of treatment. Let us see what causes them.
Hyperpigmentation – lentigines, melasma, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
One of the widely known cause is hyperpigmentation. The simple reason for this is due to the free exposure to external factors that accelerate the formation of spots that are dark.
Another cause could be as a result of melasma – “pigmentation due to overproduction of melanin by pigment cells,” [www.dermetnz.org]. If you expose your face to sun rays for longer durations, (melanoma face) is likely to worsen. These darkened spots on face are predominant on the forehead, chin, cheeks, and upper lip.
Hormonal Imbalance and Pregnancy
Melasma presents itself as darkened spots on the face during pregnancy, affecting more women during this period. However, when the hormonal imbalance has normalized these spots on face after pregnancy should not be the case.
Other factors that elevates melasma are hormone therapy, certain medications for cancer and hypothyroidism – low levels of thyroid hormone.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post-Inflammatory hyperpigmentation dark spots is due to skin conditions that tend to put pressure on skin. Psoriasis is one of the common conditions responsible. Certain skin care products with alcohol, burns and acne can elevate PIH.
Treatment of PIH involves continuous administration of topical tretinoin, topical Azelaic acid especially those patients who are prone to acne.
2. Acne scars
The second cause is acne. These darkened spots from acne are actually the pimples and blackheads that have healed which leave acne scars forehead, on sides of cheeks or on the neck.
3. Facial hair removal
Facial hair removal is also what causes black spots on cheeks and upper lip. Some of the methods used in removing unwanted hair such as tweezers and chemical creams lead to the ingrown hair around the hair follicle. If these creams are not friendly, inflammation will occur where these spots will appear. At times this will form some small dark or brown bumps due to bacteria entry.
Whether they are pimples at puberty, from dirt or other skin conditions (acne exclusive), what causes dark spots on black face or white face are pimples. When they have appeared on forehead and cheeks it becomes hard to prevent them from sunburn.
After treatment for pimples, or when they have disappeared on their own you will see small dark colored spots on forehead and round cheeks.
A dark spot, patches, and blotches on your face could indicate some other reasons, for instance, chemical burns, skin damage from hot objects, sharp or pointed devices or tools that you use.
In most instances, treatment may be required due to delayed healing, otherwise, they heal on their own.
NOTE: Vitamin B12 deficiency causes one to lose the normal brown pigmentation resulting in white spots as opposed to black spots on face B12 deficiency. We have shown how this condition (Vitiligo) indirectly contributes to dark patches on the skin.
How to remove get rid them
After figuring out what your their cause is, the next course is to focus on getting rid of dark spots on face. Get a deep insight into removing them and count on your dreams to be achievable. Basically, treatments, cream removers, and products to remove black spots will be indispensable.
Is microdermabrasion appropriate? The answer is affirmative. As a procedure, it ensures that only the dry dead cells of skin on the face is removed and paves way for the new layer to replace it.
A professional dermatologist or surgeon will use an electric device to slightly slough off or remove a very thin layer with these spots. For example, microdermabrasion is one of the methods to remove those caused by acne or pimples.
If you need to remove darkened spots from sun after a short period then apply manual exfoliation. A handy exfoliator tool or cleanser is gently scrubbed on the face to take a top layer out. In the process, you will get rid of dark skin spots for a new brighter looking layer after resurfacing. When using a cleanser find one that has tiny particles or make your own by raw almond and mix it with the cleanser.
They include face dark spot remover creams, gels, and alpha hydroxyl acid solutions. If you choose topical treatments used in removing or lightening darkened spots on the face they should contain important ingredients such as soy, Kojic acid, Azelaic acid, and arbutin.
- Some of the alpha hydroxy acid products, creams and serums include glycolic acid, citric acid, tartaric and lactic acid. Alpha hydroxyl prescription cream can work well if the concentrations are less than 10%. For example, AHA 4oz is a face beauty cream with a concentration of 8%.
- Another topical treatment is retinoic acid. Most retinoic acids or Retin-A/Retin for dark spots are prescription cream products and gels. Go for these and over the counter creams and use them to get rid of those acne, acne scars or marks.
- Salicylic acid is a group of beta hydroxyl acid which are also powerful in dealing with acne.
For melasma spots get some lightening creams for dark spots or you may visit your center for treatment with laser.
Secondly, for acne scars, pimples or marks get yourself some of the skin brightening creams for acne pimples and products from over the counter. A quick list will include, prescription Isotretinoin, Meladerm Skin Care, Ambi-Fade Cream (brightening creams) just to mention.
Other common over the counter treatment for pimples are benzoyl peroxide, and triclosan anti-bacterial topical creams.
If your prescription cream cannot give the ultimate answer, black spots on face treatment with laser therapy will do it all. It uses penetrating pulses of laser light to destroy and kill melanocyte cells under the skin causing them. A new layer of skin grows to give rise to younger and dark spot free face skin. Laser is no doubt a very reliable and cure.
Of course, this is a chemical free therapy to clear these that can be used on most types of skins.
You will need to take good after treatment care to help relieve of pain quickly and prevent swelling. Using laser will provide solutions to dark or black spots for light skin, including for African American face.
Chemical peels is another means to remove these black spots. Unlike microdermabrasion, in chemical peeling solution medicine is used to remove the targeted layer of skin where dark spots originate.
Light chemical peels e.g. Alpha hydroxyls are appropriate for light skinned, and thus effective remover.
Best cream remover
In this section we shall deal with creams for dark or black spots on face. The choice of method to use to want to get rid of these blotches or patches may be determined by the dark spot types. There are some important ingredients to check out for in OTCs or prescription cream i.e. Niacinamide, Vitamin C, and Licorice and Acetylglucosamine.
What is the best over the counter cream to lighten that will assure you fast results? Have you given a trial to other facial creams and got stuck? It is about time to wave a goodbye to stressful dark patches on your face and try some of the creams below:
To begin, Clinique Acne Solutions Spot Healing Gel is one of the best gel for acne pimples. We are talking about a matter of weeks’ use.
Acne Spot Repair is another best face cream for those from acne. It quickly gets absorbed and reduces inflammation to help get rid of dark marks on cheeks and forehead. Others in this category are Oriflame Dark Spot Fading Concentrate, Himalaya Clarina Anti-acne Cream
Add buffering effect with Pigmentation Repair Formula, one of the best cream for men.
Do facial scrubbing using Microfine Face Scrub which is a glycolic acid exfoliation product. Apply Dark Spot Reduction Moisturizer after shaving and improve the skin tone on the go.
Other best facial products to lighten and brighten them for you:
- Clean and Clear Morning Burst skin brightening Facial Scrub.
- Obagi Nu-Derm Clear
With homemade remedies, you can learn to do it yourself home procedures and to cure dark or black spots on face naturally. Some home remedies use locally available products rich in natural ingredients that help lighten darkened spots on face.
Lemon juice has the capability to remove dark dots or patches naturally especially those from pimples. The acidity and the natural vitamin C found in lemon are important to remove toxins and rub off dead cells. In addition, it is really a simple home procedure.
- Extract some juice from the lemon fruit.
- Apply immediately to areas with these marks with soft cotton lump.
- For at least 20 minutes leave it to dry and rinse with cool water. Repeat these steps every day after you take bath.
Papaya or Pawpaw
Papaya has powerful enzyme ingredients for removing this spots from your face. By easily but gently rubbing papaya pulp (covering)
Use ripe papaya for marks from pimples to rub directly onto the surface where you see these spots. Rinse after 15 or so minutes.
Buttermilk and lemon face Mask
Mix small amounts of equal measures of buttermilk and lemon. This mixture can serve partially as lactic acid in alpha hydroxy products.
Aloe Vera Gel
This is a strong antioxidant with natural ingredients such as enzymes, vitamins that you should give a chance to lighten dark spots fast or liver spots on face, and if you make use of Aloe Vera juice you can prevent your skin from sun damage. In this home remedy to cure them naturally:
- Cut the leaf and squeeze it to remove the juice.
- Clean your face and then wipe to dry.
- Apply it directly to the affected areas gently massaging to rub it in.
Onion + Honey & Garlic Juice
Ability to lighten dark spot makes onion and honey wonderful and working natural tips for dark marks and spots on face. Onion contains natural and more effective ingredients including minerals and vitamins. Furthermore, the acidity helps in clearing these marks from shaving and injury.
- Mix a little honey and onion in a bowl.
- With the help of soft cotton dip into the mixture and lightly touch on the face.
- Apply a thin layer of natural honey after 10 minutes.
- Alternatively, replace onion with garlic juice in the similar procedure.
Turmeric, yogurt, and honey Facemask
Brightening and removing dark spots on face is that achievable with this kind of home remedy. Prepare the natural face mask using the following steps.
- Mix turmeric, yogurt and honey in equal proportions so that you have a thick paste.
- Clean your face and then apply, giving a light massage.
- Allow the face mask to dry out and wash off with warm water after 10 minutes. Make it a daily routine for at least 2 times a day.
Below are some more home remedies for dark or black spots on face and neck area.
Lemon Juice, Cucumber & Rose Water
Cucumber is one of the secrets to fade dark spots on face and neck. It has superior quality to correct cell damage and get rid dead cells leaving a refurbished and smooth skin.
- Make chips by grating or chopping cucumber and mix with rose water.
- Apply all over the face extending to the sides of neck; lightly rubbing in with cotton.
- Do this for at least 5 minutes daily. Wash off to remove the residuals.
Almonds, Milk Powder & Honey
Prepare a thick paste by mixing milk powder and almond powder.
Apply on cheeks and the back of the neck and leave it for about 30 mins before you can wash using water.
Knowing more on dark spot cheeks is pertinent to our focus of discussion because cheeks are what make a bigger part of the face.
First, what them on cheeks and nose changes in hormones estrogen and Progesterone. Some of these changes could occur after a successful hormonal therapy. According to Khatri, “boosts in these hormones can stimulate melanin growth, causing hyperpigmentation,” [dailymakeover.com]
Secondly, obesity is yet a possibility of these spots on cheeks overweight in dark African descent, according to Dr. Pavan Kumar Gupta, gives Acanthosis Nigricans signs easier to show. The reason being tendency to be resistant to insulin that enables excess glucose to be stored in cells i.e. “Acanthosis Nigricans is a skin disorder in which there is darker, thick, velvety skin in body folds and creases.” [www.healthcaremagic.com]. With Carbon dioxide laser resurfacing these spots on cheeks will not be a problem.
Any of the above causes can also be a cause for these spots on your cheek.
Lentigines or liver spots images
What are liver spots? What causes them on the face? This term or lentigines refers to the dark spots that are due to UVR rays and NOT liver problems, not alcohol. It is believed they are high on those who consume alcohol and are in their 40s.
They on face pose no serious health problems but for the aesthetic reasons consider removing liver spots on face can be done by laser therapy, electro-surgery or cryotherapy. Other than that, other treatment involve alpha hydroxyl acid topical products, creams, and gels.
You may try one or two home remedies for liver spots on face from sun e.g. Buttermilk and lemon face Mask or Turmeric, Yoghurt and Honey face Mask.
Reference and Sources
- http://www.beautyglimpse.com/6-best-creams-available-india-treating-dark-spots/ posted on July 1, 2014.