What does dry flaky skin around eyes and eyelids mean? Depending on what the causes this condition may look scaly or with redness if they become irritated. There are various skin conditions and infections which can make skin thsi area to dry out or appear dried and dehydrated. The eyelids could also be seriously affected.
This problem will often be accompanied by some other symptoms. Outlined below are common signs and symptoms.
- Formation of small whitish scale-like things or flakes
- It may also be accompanied by redness.
- Soreness that cause pain or discomfort during eye movements or opening and closing them
- Itching, etc.
Read on to unlock reasons you may end up this problem.
Eczema or dermatitis is a group of skin conditions associated with inflammation of the skin which can appear on any part including the mouth, lip, pubic areas, etc. (We shall not discuss everything on dermatitis).
Perioral dermatitis is a skin rash common that mainly affects areas around the mouth especially in young women. This rash normally presents itself as red spots or pink spots that appear lumpy.
Now, the rash can sometimes affect the skin around the eyes and when this occurs it may appear flaky and dry.
In most cases, the rash is not painful but does trigger itching and can increase sensitivity or ignite a burning sensation. Perioral dermatitis is not contagious.
Generally, psoriasis occurs when “body’s skin cells build up too quickly because of rapid cell production.” [healthline.com].
The most common symptom of psoriasis is a build-up of skin cells that form patches. The patches may cause pain during eyelid movements. Normally, the skin becomes dry and may cause cracks in other areas. In addition, you may also find red scaly things around the eyes developing.
Risks for psoriasis include the following factors.
- Family history and a personal history of psoriasis,
- Stress and anxiety
- Suppressed immune system
3. Wrong cosmetics
Not all products are really good for your facial skin. They comprise lash curlers, liners, mascara together with the tools used to apply the facial makeup and skincare products. The bad ingredients in some the things mentioned here will trigger an irritation. When you begin to scratch or itch it will dry out and possibly start to form flakes.
These ingredients include:
- Parabens, phenylmercuric acetate, imidazolidinyl urea, quaternium-15, and potassium sorbate which are all preservatives added to named facial products
- Additives such as Bismuth Oxychloride
- Contaminants such as Nikce
If that is not the case then, your make-up remover, facial cleansers are likely to cause the similar problems.
Blepharitis is another cause of dry flaky skin on the eyelids. Read on to get more information on the symptoms.
Sunburn can occur after an exposure or overexposure to sources that emit UV radiations such as the sun rays, wielder’s arc or sunlamps.
6. Other causes
Other possible factors and specific conditions some of which we’ll look into while looking at dry flaky, sore and red skin around eyes.
Dry flaky around, above under eyes & eyelids
What do you do to dry skin which is also flaky or looking scaly? Dryness will increase the chances of developing wrinkles hence a premature aging. These and some other causes (e.g. perioral dermatitis and poor cosmetics) we have looked at can cause flaking on this areas
1. Cold and windy weather
Did you end up asking yourself what happened to that softer and smoother skin after winter sporting? If you do not take sufficient measures to counter conditions during the winter and fall it will be a shock and surprise to learn weather has an effect. In essence, cold (or call it extreme chilling cold) robs its moisture resulting in dryness and tightness feeling.
Furthermore, it may look flaky after it has tightened but flaking actually takes place if it is not hydrated or moistened sufficiently.
2. Exposure to dry conditions
Heat is another environmental factor with adverse effects on skin. Sources of heat including the sun and can damage exposed areas like the face arms and back. Heat literally dries it out.
If you use indoor heating systems or are fond of hot showers and baths this will make it dry and rough
3. Actinic Keratosis (solar Keratoses)
Actinic keratosis is considered a skin disease characterized by premalignant squamous lesion of scaly macule or papule (American Academy of Ophthalmology.) It affects sun-exposed areas and people with a fairer tone. Areas around the nose and eyes may feel rough or have ‘sandpaper’ texture with scaly lesions. Sometimes actinic keratosis appears like a patchy flat, white skin that is flaky or scaly.
Blepharitis is characterized by itchy and flaky eyelids whose symptoms (mainly inflammation) affects the eyelids and eye itself. It is caused by a bacteria. Sometimes they may become scaly and dry i.e. dry flaky skin on eyelids especially if it is “triggered by facial rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis,” [md-health.com] and bacteria.
Other symptoms to suspect of blepharitis include
- Red eyes and redness in the eyelids,
- Swelling especially the eyelash area,
- Itchiness around the eyelids,
- Yellow discharge due to a severe infection,
Apart from blepharitis, other reasons include facial psoriasis, perioral dermatitis or eczema. Remember that blepharitis as a condition could recur if personal hygiene is ignored or not well treated.
Red and dry
What causes the dry red skin around your eyes? There are several possible causes including psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea, and allergies triggered by atopic dermatitis.
1. Fungal infection
Secondly, red and dry skin is also caused by fungal infections like the facial ringworm. The fungal infection described by a ring-like red rash causes the skin to look scaly. This rash is also itchy. However, on the face, the symptoms of this fungal infection may not be ring-shaped but itchy dry and sometimes can cause crusting if infection symptoms severe.
The infection is common on the skin under eyes but may affect the neck and hands.
2. External factors
Environmental factors such as dampness, chilling cold, weather, exposure to sunlight can trigger redness around your eyes.
Dry and sore
Soreness in the skin is nothing to persevere particularly when it becomes dry itchy and bumpy. This may be complicated if you have allergies and apply cosmetics such as liners, eyelash curlers, hair dye etc.
These symptoms mostly occur on dry eyelids but could be associated with conditions like blepharitis. For safety and health purposes resist treatments for allergy. The best step to take is to get diagnosed. If the skin around this areas become extremely sore see your eye doctor before you seek medication.
If dry skin patches
According to ZocDoc Answers, dermatological research shows that the dry patches could be a symptom of eczema (dermatitis). Secondly, it can also be due to a potential allergic reaction due to (increased) sensitivity around the eye skin.
What causes dry eyelids? More people complain of this problem especially during the winter when we have cold air. Ideally, it is the extreme cold (low air temperature) that strips of moisture leading to eyelid dryness.
For your information contact dermatitis of the eyelid is more common. It is recommended to go for diagnosis if you are not sure of the causes.
In babies, infants or toddlers
This problem can occur in small babies as well. From our discussion certain skin conditions and infections are responsible but common causes include blepharitis, eczema (irritant eyelid contact dermatitis and sunburn.
In an attempt to effectively understand and treat eczema of your baby, first know what the triggers are and the type of eczema yours seems to develop. So, do infants develop eczema because of a “combination of their genes and environmental factors?” [nationaleczema.org]
On eyes and mouth
Dryness can be experienced around the eye and extends to the corners of the mouth. Well, this could be allergic reactions symptomatic of red skin which could also itchy. Such an irritation is attributed to toothpaste, fragrances, and shampoo cleaning. Note that the allergens can easily be transferred from hands to your mouth through devices such as cell phones.
Something else that we looked at already considerably is perioral dermatitis. As we stated, the main cause is not well established but individuals who are ignorant of facial cleansing are easily its victims.
Treatment for dry eyelids
This part is going to focus on dry eyelids treatment. What you learn here can be added onto what you will learn on afterwards. Note that some skin conditions that are linked to this problem should be examined and treated by a specialized doctor.
Due to the fact eyelids are composed of thinnest skin treating the problem can be very crucial. Conditions like blepharitis are easily controlled and treatable.
Ultraviolet light therapy (UVB phototherapy)
This form of treatment is effective for severe signs of eczema. How does it work as far as the dry skin under eyes treatment is a concern? According to Elisabeth Richard, MD, ultraviolet light alters the function of immune cells in the skin. It helps to reduce itching, inflammation.
Statistically, 70 percent of people who get UVB phototherapy eventually get better of eczema of all over the skin. It is also quite a successful treatment for psoriasis.
Creams and facial cleansers
One of the solutions if finding best creams for dry eyelid skin. Some creams will work best for certain individuals and not others. To be on the safer side, seek dermatological help to get best creams for this dryness.
Facial cleansers are part and parcel of cleaning and skincare regime. Yes. That is not negotiable at least. However, the big question is what facial cleansers should you use?
While most cleansers may contribute to dryness, the perfect tip we have for you so far is to visit your doctor who can refer you to a dermatologist or special pharmacy eye clinics.
Treatment and remedies
Before using any moisturizers, creams, and lotions to deal with dryness in this areas it is very advisable and prudent by far to ask your eye doctor the correct ones. Not all creams will treat the underlying causes. So, how do you treat or deal with this problem?
1. Moisturizer creams for dry skin around eyes
Moisturizing your skin should be a routine practice especially if you have a naturally dry skin type.
Anyone intending to extensively apply creams, lotions or moisturisers should be cautionary bearing in mind that some can aggravate dry skin. In fact that is one of the reasons why Vaseline jelly is recommended.
Before buying any cream for dry eyelids read all manufacturer’s notes and instructions carefully. Ensure that the creams you are buying are free of fragrances that may end up irritating your skin. Examples of common creams include Protopic ointment and Elidel.
2. Topical steroids
They include steroid creams which should applied in small amounts for mild symptoms such as inflammation and itching. If there is constant or severe itching characterized by a rash, you need a prescription hydrocortisone for a short-term use. So, see your doctor to give you more instructions on how you are supposed to apply and for how long.
Before attempting treating dry steroid creams understand what problem your baby has and whether the symptoms are mild or severe. For safety, use the mildest forms of steroid to the affected areas only. Medium potency steroid ointments in infants with moderate to severe eczema are recommended. Avoid applying creams to children with dry eyelids.
However, if you notice a change in the skin in terms of texture or general appearance after applying any eye cream it, discontinue immediately and report the matter to your doctor.
3. Antibacterial Gel
As treatment remedy, for dry eyelids, antibacterial gels will prevent staph infections which are likely to worsen symptoms especially dry, flaky skin.
4 Vaseline jelly
Most Vaseline brands and products are 100% pure jelly thus good remedies for dryness because they have super moisturizing quality. Go for those brands free of alcohol, fragrances, dyes and skin irritants. Vaseline jelly can protect your face against many factors that cause problems to the skin such as windburn and chaffing.
Beauty experts have preferred pure Vaseline to be incorporated in a healthy skin care regime composed of other moisturizing products (creams and lotions) for very dry eyes.
5. Is coconut oil good?
Coconut oil is great natural remedy for individuals with vitamin deficiency, itchy dry skin especially during the winter fall. It is a good makeup remover and to get rid of eye bags under eyes too.
It is a bit unfortunate for acne-prone individuals to use coconut oil as a moisturizer.
6. Apply Aloe Vera
Basically, Aloe Vera gel does not treat the cause but is good in soothing particularly when you experience discomfort brought about by the dryness around the eyes.
7. Potato or cucumber slices
If you see dark spots on eyelids starting to appear due to drying effect cut some thick slices of either cold (Irish, French) potatoes or cucumber. Lie down, and place a slice on each eye for 10 minutes while it is closed. Remember to rinse your face to avoid the sap getting into the eyes.
Rose water is considered to produce magic results for itchy and dryness especially if your eyelids begin to develop flakes i.e. becomes flaky.
9. Honey-yogurt mask
Have been sunburnt and feel your skin feels rough, dry and stretching? This mask produces a super healing effect especially after patients have undergone a dry eye treatment. Besides, it also enhances hydration white preventing loss of moisture during recovery. If it is applied continually, it eases eye tiredness and will result in the smoothness of skin.
Use natural honey to prepare the mask. You may also add a small amount of milk to your paste.
10. Colloidal oatmeal paste
Lastly, apply colloidal paste of oatmeal 3 times a day if your facial skin is irritated or inflamed by external environmental factors such as cold weather.
Extreme (or chronic) dryness in skin and around eyes can lower quality of life and may increase risks of eye problems or infections. Keep in mind poor diets, smoking, dehydration and lack of moisturizing can contribute to chronic dry skin.
Individuals with nutritional disorders should see a nutritionist if they seem not responding to treatments. If the symptoms persist it’s a high time to see an eye specialist.
Reference and Quoted Sources