Are you young and have dark spots or patches on your skin? How can you remove them? Besides knowing their causes we have shone a spotlight on their treatments and home remedies.
I am growing more worried after an irregular dark spot appeared on skin. What are the causes them?
Acne and acne scars
To start with, acne scars will result in dark marks or spots if the acne pimples are not attended to in time. Acne is a difficult skin disorder condition that occurs “when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin…” [en.wikipedia.org].
When these clogged hair follicles are inflamed by cellular activity in the dermis, acne scars will form especially around the nodules in case of severe acne. If acne is mild, you will see open blackheads or closed whiteheads (comedones) MOSTLY on the face, on the forehead, and on arms.
Certain skin disorders
Some skin disorders will lead to dark patches and others cause spots after healing. The first one is known as Acanthosis Nigricans. It is characterized by a thick texture of large dark patches of skin at times referred to as dark dry patches on skin diabetes. It is majorly brought about by dermal cell activities which try to reduce high levels of insulin in the blood.
Another one is Vitiligo. Individuals who demonstrate a short of immune defense largely suffer from Vitiligo. IT has a common thing with Acanthosis, i.e. large dark patches. However, in the bigger picture Vitiligo only begin as small white spots which get enlarged with time. As they occupy more body surface, the real skin pigment color is reduced to darkened patches spread all over the body.
In discussing dark spots on body causes, hyperpigmentation is a common phenomenon. Body cells known as melanocytes play a central role in releasing more melanin. Below are some of the factors whereby if not prevented will be increasing chances of hyperpigmentation.
1. Exposure to Sun
Sun exposure has a significant influence on hyperpigmentation. What happens is that when your skin is sunburnt there is irritation which heightens inflammation. As a result, melanocytes are triggered to increase production of melanin as a protective mechanism.
An example is dark spot sun lentigines also called liver spots. The hyperpigmented spots are common around the face, at the back of hands because these parts are less protected and more exposed.
2. Certain Medication
There are some drugs which cause increased sensitivity of melanocytes when under use. The skin may react to antibiotics such as Tetracyclines by exposing hypersensitivity.
This term refers to mechanisms the skin employs to counteract various inflammation processes. Moderately small dark skin patches or spots may be induced after an inflammation caused by any one of the following:
- Use of harsh chemical products for cleansing and beauty, for instance, moisturizing soaps,
- Skincare products with alcohol
- Chemical burns and other serious injuries
- Severe acne
Pimples dark marks
Pimples look very ugly and less attractive. Without proper treatment, pimples eventually form scars which may also take substantial time to heal.
What leads to the formation of pimples surrounds certain triggers including certain fatty foods you consume, hormonal changes (e.g. at adolescence), after shaving or some skin disorders such as acne.
How to remove them
Are you frustrated with them or don’t know what you are needed to do? With several treatments, home remedies and products available it is wise for you to know what treatments to remove them are will work well. We will discuss treatments, then products before finishing off with natural remedies to give a try.
Some of the common treatments include the following:
If you are serious and need to remove dark spots on skin quickly put aside some dollars to plan for the laser method. Its efficiency is manifested in power to knock out and destroy them even those that lay deeper into the skin.
By having laser therapy, you are sure all resulting from hyperpigmentation i.e. lentigo or liver spots. The advantage of the laser is that no physical harm is done to your skin.
Microdermabrasion and Dermabrasion
These are sanding process which removes the top layer which might be having the hyperpigmented blemishes leaving an even skin tone. The procedures in dermabrasion should be done by a professional or dermatologist after consultation.
Using chemical peels as a skin dark spot remover requires a diagnosis of other skin related problems. For instance, patients with autoimmune disorders, psoriasis are discouraged so as to prevent post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation after chemical peels.
The two major categories of chemical peels are the mild and deeper peels. Mild chemical peels can be effective on those from acne if the clients are not on acne medication or smokers.
Phototherapy applies principles of controlled exposure to UV radiations. Certain conditions are known to cause large dark patches such as Vitiligo are controlled through this method.
Removers and best creams
Start with the top recommended topical treatments before going you go for the advanced treatments.
1. Benzoyl Peroxide
This is one common treatment for mild acne. It prevents the formation of closed whiteheads and acts helps reduce inflammation thus stops dark marks from acne scars. Apply sunscreen SPF30 and over to minimize sunburn or sensitivity to UVR sun rays. Some acne patients are likely to experience some skin dehydration and redness while on treatment.
Secondly, these are a topical cure for severe (nodular) acne. Retinoids will play a significant role in turning round dark spot follicle cell formation on your skin. They are special treatments that work by controlling excessive body oil production. Examples of these are Tazarotene, tretinoin Adapalene, Isotretinoin, and retinol.
For effectiveness use Retinoids at night to minimize sun exposure during the day.
3. Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid provides a shield against bacteria besides being an anti-inflammatory product to treat mild acne forms.
Topical antibiotics may be swallowed or applied externally as soon as the symptoms appear before they turn acne worsens. You will also help yourself to fight against certain bacteria or micro-organisms which are known to ignite and cause acne to flare up.
5. Best creams and skin products
If you desperately need some skincare for marks from acne, use correctors. Garnier Skinactive brightening moisturizers such as Clearly Brighter are available over the counter. This product has a rich antioxidant formula to fight dangerous toxic molecules causing darkened skin. It will also take care discoloration hence reducing dark patches.
Here are more black skin dark spot remover that you should give a chance to.
- Murad Post-Acne spot Lightening Creams & Gels,
- Philosophy Miracle Worker Dark Spot corrector,
- Clinique Even Better Clinical Dark Spot Corrector,
- L’Oreal Youth Code Serum Corrector.
Whenever you opt for a home remedy, you need to be patient and consistent. A few home remedies can really help you to remove, reduce or fade these hyperpigmentations.
Lemon Juice and Turmeric
Use this simple lemon juice home trick and fade dark spots on skin naturally.
- Clean a lemon fruit and cut in half. Squeeze each piece and make a ¼ glass of its juice.
- Add 2spoonful turmeric powder to the lemon juice.
- Soak a piece of cotton and apply to the affected area
- Leave it for 20 minutes and clear your face by washing with cool water.
You can smooth line with a thin layer of sunscreen cream to prevent the sensitivity of the sun. Lemon is a natural bleaching agent which contains ascorbic acid and vitamin C. you may also make a
Honey + Lemon Juice and Almonds
A combination of honey and lemon juice provides a perfect home remedy for fading them away. Honey has essential enzymes that are good to remove these spots by breaking down top dead skin layer.
Before you start preparing this dark spot home remedy you should have ground/paste of almond.
- Take equal amounts of honey and lemon juice depending on the size of the area you want to apply.
- Add a handful of almond and mix well.
- Let it dry out and carefully wash off using warm water.
If you have a very sensitive skin please try on a small area before you actually use it.
Aloe Vera Gel
Using this gel from aloe plant is another good home procedure to remove these spots. Prevent PIH post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from burns. What more? Aloe Vera gel has a soothing and rejuvenating effect when you use a dark spot home remedy.
Yoghurt, Oatmeal, and Lemon Juice
Yoghurt and lemon juice is a supernatural bleaching component. Apply this home remedy to dark skin patches from sun UVR damage.
- Place a spoon of oatmeal to a small clean bowl then add few drops of lemon juice.
- Make a paste by adding some yogurt and stir thoroughly for contents to be uniform.
If you are so embarrassed with dark spot blemishes on your skin don’t forget to try this amazing home remedy. With constant and consistent practice using it you can remove blemishes including those from post-acne pimples.
You will also find that preparing it is very simple. All you need is a fresh papaya fruit pulp or the thick layer of its covering. Wash it and directly apply to dark marks on your skin for each day after bath. Otherwise, you could also make a grated pulp form smashed pieces by using a grating tool.
Castor oil is rich in Vitamin E. it will essentially correct your skin tone by promoting collagen to firm decreasing dark marks appearance.
Sugar cubes can be a great deal to work on sunspot blemishes. Gently rub your darkened spots on skin a little once or twice a week. Glycolic acid in the cubes will help to exfoliate and reduce their appearance.
Depending on your dark spot on the skin causes it is generally true to conclude that some methods to cure or remove dark spots in the skin may take quite some time but will satisfy you in the end. Apart from the home remedies and remover prescription medicines or products, you should rightfully be informed on what to expect from other treatments offered by certified medical units.
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